What Happens to Bitcoin Miners When all Coins are Mined?

Bitcoin is celebrated by volgers and admonished by skeptics because of its finite supply. There are only 21 million bitcoins that can everzwijn be mined, regardless of the earth’s population and its corresponding request for bitcoins. Once all 21 million have bot mined, there will never be any fresh bitcoins (unless a switch to the protocol is made to increase the supply).

Volgers love Bitcoin’s stationary supply because it harkens back to the days of the sound money gold standard. Gold shares many similarities with Bitcoin, the most demonstrable being its immobile supply. Gold cannot be created out of skinny air te arbitrary amounts, it vereiste be extracted from the earth and waterput into circulation spil market prices dictate. A gold standard hinders banks’ abilities to kwestie fiduciary media, since at some point the bankgebouw will be coerced to redeem its paper notes ter gold. Bitcoin —, if it everzwijn achieves spil widespread use spil gold —, can accomplish thesis same things with its own stationary supply.

Bitcoin: Gold but Better

Bitcoin takes gold’s benefits a step further, however, by being digital. The Bitcoin supply is not only incapable of being arbitrarily manipulated, it also eliminates the need for paper substitutes by being totally weightless and virtually costless to store. With gold being so strong and taking up so much physical space, people under a gold standard tend to choose paper substitutes for gold rather than carrying actual coins on their persons. This practice leaves gold te the handelsbank, forcing people to trust the canap to treat their gold responsibly. Thus, even under a stringent gold standard, banks can still betray their patrons’ trust and create fresh deposits and punt fiduciary media. Bitcoin’s digital nature eliminates this problem, since it costs almost nothing to store, and it takes up zero reserve space, Bitcoin can be carried on one’s person with no toegevoegd cargo. No more paper substitutes are needed, and banks no longer have an chance to create money from lean air.

Despite thesis promising benefits, people still take punt with the fact that Bitcoin has a finite supply. One punt critics like to harp on regarding Bitcoin’s motionless supply is how miners will fare once they lose their block prizes. They worry that the mining system is unsustainable because once all the bitcoins are created, miners will have to rely on transaction fees to keep themselves financially operational. Critics say that a reliance on miner fees instead of a block prize will make mining very unaffordable, which will lead to a spasm of miners, a centralization of the network, and possibly a finish collapse of the network.

Will Bitcoin Mining be Profitable After all the Bitcoins Have Bot Mined?

It is true, once all the bitcoins have bot mined, transaction fees will be the foot source of income for miners. The main concern, then, is whether or not transaction fees will be enough to keep miners financially afloat.

Using current mining costs spil a measure of required mining profitability overheen 100 years from now is dubious, since wij don’t know how mining technology will progress overheen time. It is entirely possible that mining chips will become so petite and cheap that they can be installed on all electronic devices —, similar to the objective 21 Inc. hopes to achieve. This development would turn mining from a purposeful business decision to an after thought, surviving ter the background of daily life. Furthermore, mining hardware may become so energy efficient overheen the next century that transaction fees prove to be slew to keep miners ter business.

It may also be the case that transaction fees simply rise to a level sufficient for mining profitability. If, once all the bitcoins have bot mined, the entire world uses the digital currency spil its primary medium of exchange, then it is possible that transaction fees will rise due to an increase te the request for transactions.

However, the likelihood of fees rising to such a rate is uncertain at this point, since the overeenstemming ter the community at present is to have a little by little enlargening block size to ensure network scalability. This means that, if the block size proceeds to grow, people will always be able to have their transactions confirmed at low fees. This uitzicht may seem like a threat to the network on the surface, spil it entails forcing miners to sustain on low fees after the block prize is gone. But not enhancing the block size may be an even larger threat to the network than low transaction fees. If blocks reach their maximum size, no more transactions can be confirmed until a fresh block is created, which means excess transactions will be dropped from the network. This screenplay may mean higher fees for miners —, since people will pay higher fees ter order to get their payments through —, but it would also greatly discourage people from using Bitcoin altogether, which could kill the digital currency much swifter than a centralized mining network.

Albeit Bitcoin’s motionless supply means that miners will eventually have to give up their block prizes, it also creates an chance for miners to get through on transaction fees through plain monetary theory. Once all 21 million bitcoins have bot mined, the supply cannot increase —, regardless of growing request. The result of this discrepancy inbetween the supply of and request for money is a constant and gradual decrease ter the general price level, which equates to an identically constant and gradual increase te the purchasing power of money. Therefore, spil Bitcoin miners collect transaction fees overheen time, no matter how large or minute, the funds build up value. This value appreciation across time turns fee-centric mining into a financially infeasible task to a sensible, long-term investment.

To conclude, there are several different ways that Bitcoin mining can remain profitable after the block prize goes away —, the above examples are but a few ter a myriad of possibilities.. Furthermore, since the block prize little by little diminishes overheen time, rather than disappearing all at once, miners have the chance to step by step adapt and adjust to relying more on transaction fees than revenue from mined bitcoins. The most likely combination of factors that will keep miners afloat te the future is evolving mining technology and the constant increase ter Bitcoin’s purchasing power. However, our visions of the future should not be limited by our imaginations. Being incapable to imagine something does not render it unlikely, the spontaneous evolving and shifting of the market economy reminds us of this fact every day.

Do you think Bitcoin mining will remain profitable after the block prize goes away? Let us know int the comments below!

Pics courtesy of Pixabay and BitcoinTalk

The opinions voiced ter this article are not necessarily those of Bitcoin.com.

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Bitcoin is one of the most significant inventions te all of human history. For the very first time everzwijn, anyone can send or receive any amount of money with anyone else, anywhere on the planet, conveniently and without confinement. It’s the dawn of a better, more free world.

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When will the last Bitcoin be mined?

Estimates have bot thrown around a lotsbestemming recently spil to the year te which the last Bitcoin will be mined- where are thesis estimates coming from? Could someone send mij to the relevant code?

Four Answers

The estimate is 2140 based on the block prize halving frequency of four years. According to math and skill that there are 32 halving events, ter 2136, the block prize will yield 0.00000168 BTC vanaf day, which is 0.00000042 BTC vanaf block. That’s 42 satoshis.

It’s arguable that there could be one extra halving, to a block prize of 0.00000021 BTC, but that would require a major protocol modification since the number of Bitcoin would then exceed 21 million. Additionally, to go past that, there’d have to be a protocol modification to extend divisibility past eight decimal places. It is far, far to early to worry about either of thesis, because wij’re more than a century away from this problem.

Under the assumption that halvings will occur every four years, the final block that creates fresh bitcoins would occur te 2140.

The “halving” occurring with block 6,930,000 would then thrust the prize below 1 satoshi, thus no block prize would be paid out anymore.

You can find a table with the respective calculations here: Bitcoin Prize Schedule

Indeed, the mining prize might be too little to pay for mining efforts much earlier: already te 2036 99% of the bitcoins will be te circulation, te 2048 it will be 99.9%.

You people leave behind one thing, computing power. it could increase massively if some fresh tech invention comes around the corner.

Spil vanaf considering mining of any cryptocurrency is calculated by enlargening hash rate and difficulty and decreasing block prizes. So time prediction of final block mining is 2145.

Still have a question? Ask your own!

When the last bitcoin is mined, people will eventually realize that nothing switches.

Very first, investors and traders realize that the ultimate circulation cap is 21M coins, even if 5½ million BTC have yet to be waterput into circulation. (It is no different than if they were held ter savings accounts. Their existence is certain, and therefore, they are fully discounted by anyone who cares to know thesis things).

Perhaps, more interesting, is that miners will lose their reward-incentive. This raises the fear that they will zekering mining. After all, there is no longer a reserve to uncover. But wij vereiste ask ourselves why wij desire to have miners. Wij desire to have them online, because they are the trusted, crowd-source for validating transactions.

But wij musn’t fear. There are many interesting proposals for transaction validation—while still distributing the task to a massive, quasi-anonymous, and non-affiliated crowd. Last year, Andreas Antonopolous introduced some superb ideas during a keynote at MIT Bitcoin Expo and also at CRYPSA’s Bitcoin Event ter NY. I have an alternate idea: Imagine a lil’ distributed maintenance tax on transactions (I think that 0.2% would work). The tax is optional and it prizes full-node validators. But anyone with a wallet can avoid the tax by running a total knot client (rather than a snugger wallet). With a requirement to validate at least 1 transaction for every Ten of their own, it certainly wouldn’t be much of a cargo.

Te fact, spil Bitcoin evolves, I see a future ter which every wallet is also a validation knot for at least nearby transactions.

Nothing will toebijten once the last bitcoin has bot mined. Bitcoins are released to miners on a stringent schedule to support the gradual transition of the bitcoin network from incentives tied to the mining block prize to incentives tied to bitcoin transaction fees. Originally, miners were only worried about the block prize, which commenced ter 2009 at 50 bitcoins vanaf block, went to 25 bitcoins vanaf block at the end of 2012, and will halve again to 12.Five bitcoins vanaf block ter July of 2016. Thesis block prizes are critical to bootstrapping the bitcoin network, but they also introduce monetary inflation by issuing fresh bitcoins to the miners. Spil bitcoin marches on and becomes adopted worldwide, this inflation will end and transaction fees will become the superior incentive. This is one reason why decentralization is such a critical part of bitcoin, because ter a decentralized system those fees will be kept low te a competitive market. For a case investigate ter how centralized systems result ter high fees, just look at the fees for wire transfers, remittances, and credit cards today.

What will toebijten when there is no more gold or silver to mine?

Its a classic economic case with scarcity. If there is something limited and the request increases, then the price increases due to the enhanced request.. Unless there is some better “gold or silver” around at the time and people are still interested (spil is its not ruined by being too obsolete).

PS: if you don’t want to have your hard earned coin to be stolen or lost, keep ter mind to store it te a hardware storage. Ledger Nano S is worth the wait (there is some wait time due to high request). Only when you own your private key you can be sure no one will steal your investments.

Well, if Bitcoin is still around te 100+ years, which it very well may not be, the block prize for finding a fresh block will be so puny, the miners will be making the majority of their money from fees. And it will have bot this way for so long, it will most likely just be an event of some kleintje. There will be parties thrown, stories from people that reminisce the block size wars and other events, nostalgia chunks, and things like that. They',ll show out old hardware, stories about the mining gold rush, and other stuff. It',ll be like us looking back on the creation of computers and mobile phones. Overall, it',ll be more of a mark ter history than anything drastic.

Again, if Bitcoin is still around ter 100+ years.

By that point, it is likely that the transaction validation / overeenstemming method will have become much less inefficient.

If that happens, miners / vslidators will have much lower costs, which means they can operate with much lower compensation – likely ter form of transaction fees or membership subscriptions (similar to Visa).

It is also likely that Bitcoin will be one of a multitude of challenging or complementary blockchains.

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